TELUGU ( 73,000,000 SPEAKING IN THE WORLD )
Originally, Andhra was the name of a nomadic tribe. The place where they finally settled was named Andhra and the language spoken by them was called "Andhra Bhasha". Different tribes in the region spoke different dialects of Andhra Basha. Telugu, spoken by the tribes Dravida, Yaksha and Naga is the language spoken by the people of Andhra Pradesh today. It took over a thousand years for the Telugu language to evolve. Telugu belongs to the family of Dravidian languages. It resembles Tamil, Kannada, and Tulu.
The Sathavahanas were the local officials of the Maurya rulers of North. They were the mediators between the people of North and South India. The Satavahana kings conversed in the language, Prakruth.
Prakruth, which was the unrefined form of Sanskrit was considered as the official language of the Kings. The dialects of Prakruth became the local languages of the people. A lot of Buddhist books have been written in Prakruth. However, Telugu language was spoken by the King's subjects. Inscriptions of Telugu words on rocks were first observed after the Sathavahana period.
URDU ( 56,584,000 SPEAKING IN THE WORLD )
is the State language of Jammu and Kashmir and is spoken by more than 28 million people In India. Urdu and Hindi have proceeded from the same source i.e., Khariboli. Urdu is written in the Persio-Arabic script and contains many words from the Persian language.